Published: 2019-07-26

A study on maternal near miss cases in Government Medical College Shivpuri, India

Uma Jain


Background: Obstetrics near miss is an important indicator that reflects the quality of obstetrics care in a health facility. It assesses and monitors the activities aimed for prevention of maternal mortality. The aim and objective of this study was to find out the incidence, the prevalence and causes of maternal near miss due to severe obstetric complications and to identify the gapes and contextualize corrective measures to be taken in our facility.

Methods: This is a retrospective study done in department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in GMC associated with DHS Shivpuri MP. The study was done during a period from 1st January 2018 to 30 April 2019.

Results: In this study the hospital maternal near miss incidence ratio was 14.34%. In our study we found the most common morbidity was (30.18%) hypertensive disorder of pregnancy. These 159 near miss diagnoses were comprised of (30.18 %) cases of Hypertensive disorder of pregnancy, (27.67%) cases of major obstetric hemorrhage, (6.91) Severe systemic infection or sepsis, (4.40%) Labour related disorders. In Medical disorders very Severe Anemia, (1.88%) was most common cause of near miss. The most common cause of death was post-partum hemorrhage 37.5% and most of the patients referred from periphery in very critical condition.  The median time taken to get clinical intervention among cases was 20-40 minutes after admission.

Conclusions: Hemorrhage and hypertension disorders are the leading causes of MNM. Prompt diagnosis and adequate management of near miss cases can reduce mortality rates.


Hypertensive disorders, Maternal mortality, Obstetric hemorrhage, Severe acute maternal morbidity

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