DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20200370

Clinical profile and outcome of scar endometriosis in a tertiary care centre of Northern India

Sunil Kumar Juneja, Pooja Tandon, Anshu Sharma, Anjali Sharma

Abstract


Background: Endometriosis is defined as the presence and proliferation of the endometrium outside the uterine cavity affecting an estimated 89 million women of reproductive age worldwide. Endometriosis occurs in 5% to 10% of all women, often resulting in debilitating pain and infertility, endometriosis at the scar site known as Scar endometriosis has also been described following obstetrical and gynecological surgery. Scar endometriosis has a much rarer incidence with an illusive presentation and is often misdiagnosed and definitive treatment gets delayed. Objectives of this study was to review the demographic profile, clinical presentation, treatment modalities and outcome in patients with scar endometriosis.

Methods: The retrospective study of patients with scar endometriosis managed at DMCH during January 2014 to December 2018 was done.

Results: Eight patients of scar endometrosis were diagnosed and operated in our institution over a period of five years. All patients (six with previous caesarean section scar site and two at episiotomy site) presented with tender nodules with pain which got exaggerated during menstruation.

Conclusions: A high index of suspicion of scar endometriosis should be kept in patients presented with cyclical pain and tender mass getting exaggerated during menstruation.


Keywords


Cyclical pain, Scar endometriosis, Tender mass

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