Evaluation of clinical outcome of post placental insertion of Cu T 380 A in women undergoing caesarean delivery
Keywords:Clinical outcomes, Continuation, Cu-T 380 A, Family planning, Intrauterine contraceptive device, Postpartum contraception
Background: The objective of the study was to evaluate clinical outcome of insertion of post placental Cu T 380 A in women undergoing caesarean delivery.
Methods: A prospective observational study was carried out in the department of obstetrics and gynecology, Dr RPGMC Kangra at Tanda (Rural Medical College) to evaluate the clinical outcome of post placental Cu T 380 A insertion in women undergoing caesarean section after taking approval of protocol review and institutional ethics committee of the institution. A total of 104 women delivering by caesarean section and wanting post-placental intra-caesarean Cu T 380 A insertion and who were meeting WHO standard medical criteria for PPIUCD insertion and were willing to comply with the study protocol was recruited for the study.
Results: The present study showed that there were no major complications and only minor side effects were like pain, fever, discharge and irregular bleeding which were observed in only 5-15% of women during hospital stay and during follow up visit up to 6 months. String became visible in 72.12% of women at the 6 weeks follow up visit. The string visibility increased with time and at 6 months follow up stings became visible in 90.81% of the cases. Continuation rate was 100% at 6 weeks post-partum follow up. After that spontaneous expulsion occurred in 4 cases (3.84%) and another 4 women (3.84%) requested removal for various reasons leading to continuation rate of 92.3% at six months post-partum follow up. There was no case of pregnancy with Cu T in situ with no failure at the end of study at six months post-partum.
Conclusions: Intra caesarean insertion of PPIUCD is practical, convenient, safe, effective and acceptable contraceptive method for spacing of the birth in this rural setting.
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