Published: 2019-10-23

Analysis of success of vaginal birth after cesarean in relation to indication of primary caesarean section: a tertiary care experience

Neha Gupta, Arpita De, Nidhi Gupta


Background: Apprehensions related to vaginal birth after caesarean (VBAC) has reduced rates of successful vaginal trials over last decade. The objective of this study was to identify the indications of first caesarean section that can lead to a successful trial of labour in subsequent pregnancy.

Methods: Retrospective cohort study was done between November 2014 and October 2017. Data from the case records was analysed.

Results: Study over 3 years from 2014 to 2017 revealed fetal distress (82.7%),  breech (72.2%), transverse lie (66.7%), antepartum haemorrhage (56.2%) and twins with first non-cephalic (57.9%) have successful outcome of VBAC whereas obstructed labour (19.2%) and failed induction (18.4%) in previous pregnancy have poor outcome for VBAC.

Conclusions: Attempts to allow trial of labour after one previous caesarean section with fetal distress, malpresentation and twins as indications of caesarean in previous pregnancy are safe and should be encouraged.


Caesarean section, Indication, Primary, Success, Trial of labour, Vaginal birth after cesarean

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