Study of fetomaternal outcome in cases of premature rupture of membrane at tertiary care rural institute of Western Uttar Pradesh, India
Keywords:Chorioamnionitis, Fetal distress, Neonatal complications, Oligohydramnios, Prematurity, Preterm PROM
Background: Premature rupture of membranes (PROM) is the rupture of the fetal membranes before the onset of labor. Preterm PROM complicates approximately 3 percent of pregnancies and leads to one third of preterm births. It increases the risk of prematurity and leads to a number of other perinatal and neonatal complications.
Methods: This was a prospective study carried out at the department of obstetrics and gynaecology, UPUMS, Saifai from April 2018 to September 2018 (6 months study). Patients with Spontaneous rupture of membranes any time beyond 28th week of pregnancy, but before the onset of labour. Patients with following conditions were excluded from the study- meconium stain liquor, cord prolapse, antepartum haemorrhage, active infection at other sites, active liver disease.
Results: A total of 103 cases of premature rupture of membrane (PROM) were recorded from April 2018 to September 2019 among 1523 admitted pregnant patients. Most of the patients 56 (54.36%) were delivered by caesarean section (C/S). Previous C/S, oligohydramnios, fetal distress, chorioamnionitis were the common indications for doing C/S. Forty-seven (45.63%) patients were delivered vaginally.
Conclusions: Most of the affected women belongs to 20-24 years of age (53.39%). Term PROM was more in comparison to PPROM and most of them were multigravidae. Cesarean section rate was high. Most common complication was of subclinical urogenital infection (51.02%).
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