DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20160568

Nutritional status among pregnant women of Aligarh district and its association with birth weight

Khushboo Juneja, Najam Khalique, M. Athar Ansari, Anees Ahmad, Mohd Haroon Khan, Shahin ,

Abstract


Background: Low birth weight is a prospective marker of future growth and development and a retrospective marker of mothers nutritional and health status.

Methods: A community based prospective study conducted in field practice areas of Urban and Rural Health Training Center Department of Community Medicine, JNMCH, AMU, Aligarh. Participants were registered pregnant women who were in their first trimester and whose expected date of delivery lies within our study period. Study period was of one year. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20. Percentages and chi square test used.

Results: Prevalence of LBW was found to be 40%. Occurrence of LBW babies decreased as the nutritional intake of mothers in the form of kilocalories consumed per day increased. The association between dietary calorie intake and birth weight was found to be statistically highly significant.

Conclusions: Nutritional status of mother has to be improved not only during pregnancy, but also in her early childhood by undertaking food supplementation programs implemented through National Health Programs that improve the weight gain during delivery and result in improved fetal outcome.

Keywords


Nutritional status, Birth weight, Pregnancy

Full Text:

PDF

References


United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). Low birth weight: country, regional and global estimates. Switzerland: WHO Publications; 2004.

Lechtic A, Delgado H, Robert E, Lasky. Maternal nutrition and fetal growth in developing societies: socioeconomic factors. Am J dis Child. 1975;129:434-7.

Government of India. Annual Health Survey (AHS), 2012-13 fact sheet. New Delhi: Ministry of Home Affairs;2012-13.

National Family Health Survey-3(NFHS-3). International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS) and Macro International. 2008. Available at http://www.hetv.org/india/ nfhs/nfhs3 /NFHS-3-Chapter -09-Child-Health.pdf. Accessed on 28th December, 2015.

Gosavi SV, Koparkar AR. Predictors of low birth weight: a retrospective study from rural India. Int J Contemp Pediatr. 2014;1:7-9.

Badshah S, Mason L, Mckelvie K, Payne R, Lisboa PJG. Risk factors for low birth weight in the public hospitals at Peshawar, NWFP, Pakistan. BMC Public Health. 2008;8:197.

Mumbare SS, Maindarkar G, Darade R, Yenge S, Tolani Mk, Patole K. Maternal risk factors associated with term low birth weight neonates: a matched-pair case control study. Indian Pediatr. 2012;49:25-8.

Metgud CS, Naik VA, Mallapur MD. Factors affecting birth weight of a newborn: a community based study in rural Karnataka, India. Plos One. 2012;7:1-4.

Solanki N, Kavishwar A, Chauhari V, Chhasatiya N. The effect of maternal anthropometric characteristics and social factors on birth weight of child in small town hospital of Gandevi block of Navsari district. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012;1:4-9.

Gogoi G, Ahmed FU. Effect of maternal nutritional status on the birth weight among women of tea tribe in Dibrugarh district. Indian J Community Med. 2007;32:100-2.

Gawande UH, Pimpalgaonkar MS, Bethariya SH. Bio-social determinants of birth weight in rural urban Nagpur. Indian J Community Med. 1994;16:64-7.

Kavita. Dietary intake of energy, protein and carbohydrate by expectant mothers in Varanasi district. Indian J Prev Soc Med. 2009;40:203-7.

Sachar RK, Kaur N, Soni RK, Dhot R, Singh H. Energy consumption during pregnancy & its relationship to birth weight-a population based study from rural Punjab. Indian J Community Med. 2000;25:166-9.

Choudhary AK, Choudhary A, Tiwari SC, Dwivedi R. Factors associated with low birth weight among newborns in an urban slum community in Bhopal. Indian J Public Health. 2013;57:20-3.

Rao BT, Aggarwal AK, Kumar R. Dietary intake in third trimester of pregnancy and prevalence of LBW: a community-based study in a rural area of Haryana. Indian J Community Med. 2007;32:272-6.