A study on awareness about temporary contraceptive methods among women in reproductive age group


  • Sharan Kumar Karthikeyan MBBS Student, Saveetha Medical College Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Kohila Kalimuthu Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Saveetha Medical College Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India




Awareness, Family planning, Health care, Knowledge, Reproductive women, Temporary contraception


Background: This study focuses on the awareness about temporary contraceptive methods among women in reproductive age group (15-45 years). The temporary contraceptive methods are barrier method, hormonal methods and intrauterine method. The need to study the awareness of temporary contraceptive among women is important to avoid Abortion, MTP and to reduce maternal mortality. The purpose of this study is to assess the awareness of temporary contraceptive methods among women within the reproductive age group of 15 to 45 years in the community. Explore women's understanding, interpretations of contraceptives. Suggestions to improve Birth control and enhance maternal, child health programmes.

Methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study (samples were drawn from relevant population and studied once) conducted among the outpatients visiting the obstetrics and gynaecology department of Saveetha Medical College and Hospital. The study was conducted from 15th April 2019 to 14th July 2019 using pretested questionnaire by interview method.

Results: The study shows 72% of women were aware of condoms and 92% of women were aware about sterilization method. 38% of the women who participated in the study belonged to the age group (36-45) and maximum usage of temporary contraceptives was found among this age group. We observe 56% of the women were aware that these contraceptives can be obtained at the government hospitals and 7% of the women were not aware where to get these services. 48% of the women got information about contraceptives from health personnel.

Conclusions: The success of family planning programs can only be achieved by increasing the awareness of various contraceptives available. It is necessary that supplies of contraceptives are accessible, available and affordable to the general public with ease. Awareness can be improved by expanding health care facilities to peripheral areas.


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Original Research Articles