DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20194866

A study on awareness about temporary contraceptive methods among women in reproductive age group

Sharan Kumar Karthikeyan, Kohila Kalimuthu

Abstract


Background: This study focuses on the awareness about temporary contraceptive methods among women in reproductive age group (15-45 years). The temporary contraceptive methods are barrier method, hormonal methods and intrauterine method. The need to study the awareness of temporary contraceptive among women is important to avoid Abortion, MTP and to reduce maternal mortality. The purpose of this study is to assess the awareness of temporary contraceptive methods among women within the reproductive age group of 15 to 45 years in the community. Explore women's understanding, interpretations of contraceptives. Suggestions to improve Birth control and enhance maternal, child health programmes.

Methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study (samples were drawn from relevant population and studied once) conducted among the outpatients visiting the obstetrics and gynaecology department of Saveetha Medical College and Hospital. The study was conducted from 15th April 2019 to 14th July 2019 using pretested questionnaire by interview method.

Results: The study shows 72% of women were aware of condoms and 92% of women were aware about sterilization method. 38% of the women who participated in the study belonged to the age group (36-45) and maximum usage of temporary contraceptives was found among this age group. We observe 56% of the women were aware that these contraceptives can be obtained at the government hospitals and 7% of the women were not aware where to get these services. 48% of the women got information about contraceptives from health personnel.

Conclusions: The success of family planning programs can only be achieved by increasing the awareness of various contraceptives available. It is necessary that supplies of contraceptives are accessible, available and affordable to the general public with ease. Awareness can be improved by expanding health care facilities to peripheral areas.


Keywords


Awareness, Family planning, Health care, Knowledge, Reproductive women, Temporary contraception

Full Text:

PDF

References


Rahman S, Nessa F. Neo-natal mortality patterns in rural Bangladesh. J Trop Pediatr. 1989;35(4):199-202.

Singh S, Shekhar C, Acharya R, Moore AM, Stillman M, Pradhan MR, et al. The incidence of abortion and unintended pregnancy in India, 2015. The Lancet Global Health. 2018;6(1):e111-20.

Census of India. Size, Growth Rate and Distribution of Population, 2011. Available at: http://censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/data_ files/india/Final_PPT_2011_chapter3.pdf. Accessed on 24th January 2015.

Prachi R, Das GS, Ankur B, Shipra J, Binita K. A study of knowledge, attitude and practice of family planning among the women of reproductive age group in Sikkim. Religion. 2008;35(44years):34.

Anjum S, Durgawale PM, Shinde M. Knowledge of contraceptives methods and appraisal of health education among married woman. Int J Sci Res. 2014;3(3):584-90.

Nair RV, Ashok VG, Solanke PV. A study on contraceptive use among married women of reproductive age group in a rural area of Tamilnadu, India. Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol. 2016;5(9):3147-52.

Khan A, Hashmi HA, Naqvi Z. Awareness and practice of contraception among child bearing age women, conducted at Liaquat national medical college and hospital Karachi. J Surg Pak. 2011;16(4):179-82.

Makade KG, Padhyegurjar M, Padhyegurjar SB, Kulkarni RN. Study of contraceptive use among married women in a slum in Mumbai. Nat J Comm Med. 2012;3(1):40-3.

Sherpa SZ, Sheilini M, Nayak A. Knowledge, attitude, practice and preferences of contraceptive methods in Udupi district, Karnataka. J Family Repro Health. 2013;7(3):115.

Pegu B, Gaur BP, Sharma N, Singh A. Knowledge, attitude and practices of contraception among married women. Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol. 2017;3(2):385-8.