Knowledge about menstrual cup and its usage among medical students


  • Manorama Eti Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, RRMCH, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
  • Shreya M. S. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, RRMCH, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
  • Sailakshmi M. P. A. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, RRMCH, Bangalore, Karnataka, India



Awareness, Medical students, Menstrual cup


Background: Menstrual cups have been available for decades, but their use in India is limited because of lack of awareness and popularity of sanitary pads. Since they are reusable, they reduce solid waste and are environment friendly. The need of the hour is education, awareness, and availability of the eco-friendly practices when it comes to managing menstrual waste effectively. Once that is taken care of, it will be easy for anyone to make a green switch.

Methods: A total 400 medical undergraduate students (females) were given a questionnaire. The objective of the study was to assess knowledge about the menstrual cup among students.

Results: Among 400 medical students, 28(7%) of them dint know what a menstrual cup was! 262(70.4%) students were for usage of menstrual cup in virgins. There was no clear picture among students regarding material used in cup manufacture, its emptying time and sterilisation technique. Among 372 students, none of them used a menstrual cup.

Conclusions: All the students in the study used sanitary pads, owing to its popularity and promotion. There was lack of awareness about the cup. So, we conclude that menstrual cup needs promotion in India. To boost the adoption rate of menstrual cups, youth should be targeted, who are more open to the idea of environment-friendly products. The Government must conduct awareness programs in the rural areas and work constantly spreading the message across all socio-economic sectors so that we can make the dream of a “pad free country”, a reality soon.


Guidelines for management of sanitary waste. Available at: › Sanitary Waste_. Accessed on 06th August 2019.

The mammoth task of managing menstrual waste in India. Available at: › blog › health › the-mammoth-task-of-m. Accessed on 27th February2019.

Kaur R, Kaur K, Kaur R. Menstrual hygiene, management, and waste disposal: practices and challenges faced by girls/women of developing countries. J Envir Pub Health. 2018;2018.

Juma J, Nyothach E, Laserson KF, Oduor C, Arita L, Ouma C, et al. Examining the safety of menstrual cups among rural primary school girls in western Kenya: observational studies nested in a randomised controlled feasibility study. BMJ Open. 2017;7(4):e015429.

Mitchell MA, Bisch S, Arntfield S, Hosseini-Moghaddam SM. A confirmed case of toxic shock syndrome associated with the use of a menstrual cup. Canad J Infect Dis Med Microbiol. 2015;26(4):218-20.

Nonfoux L, Chiaruzzi M, Badiou C, Baude J, Tristan A, Thioulouse J, et al. Impact of currently marketed tampons and menstrual cups on Staphylococcus aureus growth and toxic shock syndrome toxin 1 production in vitro. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2018;84(12):e00351-18.

van Eijk AM, Zulaika G, Lenchner M, Mason L, Sivakami M, Nyothach E, et al. Menstrual cup use, leakage, acceptability, safety, and availability: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The Lancet Pub Health. 2019;4(8):e376-93.

Howard C, Rose CL, Trouton K, Stamm H, Marentette D, Kirkpatrick N, et al. FLOW (finding lasting options for women): multicentre randomized controlled trial comparing tampons with menstrual cups. Canad Fam Phy. 2011;57(6):e208-15.

Bechu S. A Kerala civic body is distributing 5,000 menstrual cups for free; here's why!. The New India. 2019. Available at: /jun/18/a-kerala-civic-body-is-distributing-5000-menstrual-cups-for-free-heres-why-1991887.html. Accessed on 8th July 2019.






Original Research Articles