Knowledge, attitude and practices about exclusive breastfeeding among antenatal women


  • Annal A. Vaidya Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, KEM Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
  • Himangi S. Warke Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, KEM Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India



Antenatal, Breastfeeding, Breast milk, Multigravida, Primigravida


Background: Breastmilk is considered as one of the healthiest, nutrition-rich yet least expensive method of infant feeding. It is a universally accepted fact that breastmilk meets all the nutritional demands of the new-born. There are extensive benefits of breastfeeding for the new-born as well as for the nursing mother which have been documented from time to time.

Methods: A multiple-choice questionnaire was used to interview the participants during data collection.

Results: Using the IBM SPSS version 20 software, descriptive analysis of the categorical variables has been presented using frequency and percentage tables. Regarding the practices about breast feeding in primigravidas, their concepts about the same have been captured in this study.

Conclusions: Though the knowledge about exclusive breast feeding was not extraordinary among the participants, they had a very favourable attitude towards the same. Almost all patients were also extremely receptive and inquisitive during the session for discussion about the same.


Brown KH, Black RE, de Romana GL, de Kanashiro HC. Infant-feeding practices and their relationship with diarrhoeal and other diseases in Hauscar (Lima) Peru. Paediatr. 1989;83:31-40.

Popkin BM, Adair L, Akin JS, Black R, Briscoe MS, Flieger W. Breastfeeding and diarrhoeal morbidity. Paediatr. 1990;86:874-82.

Gartner LM, Morton J, Lawrence RA. Breastfeeding and the use of human milk. Paediatr. 2005;115(2):496-506.

Ip S, Chung M, Raman G, Chew P, Magula N, DeVine D, et al. Breastfeeding and maternal and infant health outcomes in developed countries. Evid Rep Technol Assess. 2007;153:1-186.

Gareth J, Richard WS, Robert EB, Zulfiqar AB, Saul SM. How many child deaths can we prevent this year? Lancet. 2003;362:6571.

Centres for disease control and prevention. Breastfeeding, 2012. feeding/.

Ip O. Breastfeeding practices of mothers of young children in Lagos, Nigeria. Nigerian J Paediatr. 2014;41(1):43-7.

Chandhiok N, Singh KJ, Sahu D, Singh L, Pandey A. Changes in exclusive breastfeeding practices and its determinants in India, 1992-2006: Analysis of national survey data. Int Breastfeeding J. 2015;10:1.

Gupta A, Arora V, Bhatt B. The State of World’s Breastfeeding: India Report card 2006. International Baby Food Action Network (IBFAN), Asia Pacific. India. 2006.

Govt. of India, Census 2011, Provisiona population report, office of the registrar general and census commissioner of India, Ministry of Home Affairs, 2012.

Subbiah N. A study to assess the knowledge, attitude, practice and problems of postnatal mothers regarding breastfeeding. Nursing J Ind. 2003;94(8):177-9.

Tiwari V, Singh A. Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding breastfeeding in an urban area of Fazidabad district (U.P). Indian J Prev Soc Med. 2007;38(1):18-22.

Issler H, Rodrigues de Sá MBS, Senna DM. Knowledge of newborn healthcare among pregnant women: basis for promotional and educational programs on breastfeeding. Sao Paulo Med J. 2001;119(1):7-9.






Original Research Articles