Demographic profile in women undergoing second stage caesarean section
Keywords:Demographic factors, Raised body mass index, Second stage caesarean
Background: Incidence of caesarean section is rapidly rising over the last two decades and 25% is contributed by second stage caesarean section. Demographic factors influencing fetomaternal outcome in second stage caesarean section include BMI, socioeconomic status, booking/ unbooking status, gravidity and maternal height.
Methods: The present study was prospective observational study conducted in the department of obstetrics and gynaecology at Lady Hardanger Medical College New Delhi from December 2015 to March 2017. 80 women were enrolled in the study. A detailed history and examination of each patient was carried out. Women were observed during lab our till second stage caesarean section.
Results: Mean age of population was 25.26±3.75 ranging from 19-40 year. 76.25% included in study were booked and 11.25% were unbooked, 42.5% belonged to lower middle class and 31.25% belonged to upper middle class. 47% women had height of <150 cm and 70% had a BMI between (25-29.9) kg/m. 43% women had gestational age between 39-40 weeks.
Conclusions: Second stage caesarean section was more common in young age group and primigravidae. Higher BMI was not only operative but obstetrical risk as well.
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