Obstetric outcomes in women with mullerian duct malformations

Padmasri Ramalingappa, Urvashi Bhatara, Jayashree Seeri, Priyadarshini Bolarigowda

Abstract


Background: Congenital uterine anomalies are associated with the highest incidence of reproductive failure and obstetric complications. This study aims to summarize the clinical characteristics and prenatal outcome of pregnancy in women with congenital uterine malformations.

Methods: This retrospective study evaluates the obstetric outcome of 24 in patients with uterine malformations with pregnancy in Sapthagiri Hospital from August 2010 to August 2013. A total of 60 randomly selected pregnant women with a previously confirmed normally shaped uterus were taken as a control group.

Results: A total of 2595 women were admitted for various obstetric reasons during August 2010-2013 (period of 3 years). Of them 24 cases had uterine anomaly, the rate of anomaly being 9.2 per 1000 pregnant women. A bicornuate uterus was present in 7 (29%) septate uterus in 6 (25%) arcuate in 5 (20.8%), and unicornuate with rudimentary horn in 2 (8.4%). Unicornuate uterus without rudimentary horn in 1 (4.2%) and uterus didelphys in 1 (4.2%). Transverse vaginal septum was seen in 2 (8.4%) patients. The rate of malpresentation was high in uterus didelphys, arcuate and bicornuate uterus. Abortion rates were equal in both septate and bicornuate uterus. A comparison of mode of presentation and termination of pregnancy is illustrated. Preterm deliveries (33.4%) and miscarriage rates (20.8%) were more common compared to controls. Less than half the women (45.8%) had term deliveries compared to controls where pregnancies which reached term were 86.7%. An assessment of mode of delivery, termination, period of gestation at delivery and birth weight between study group and control group is given.

Conclusions: Women with congenital uterine malformation usually have higher incidence of complications during pregnancy and delivery. Early diagnosis and treatment can improve obstetric outcomes.


Keywords


Congenital, Mullerian anomalies, Obstetric outcome

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References


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