Published: 2020-01-28

A comparative study of non-descent vaginal hysterectomy and total laparoscopic hysterectomy

Vijay Kansara, Jaydeep Chaudhari, Ajesh Desai


Background: Hysterectomy is the second most common operation performed by the gynecologists, next only to caesarean section. Objective of the study was to compare fall in blood haemoglobin level, duration of operation, intra- and post-op complications between non-descent vaginal hysterectomy and total laparoscopic hysterectomy and establish the better method for hysterectomy in non-descent uterus.

Methods: A retrospective comparative study of 90 hysterectomies was done from a period of May 2018 - April 2019 at GMERS Medical College and Hospital Sola, with 45 cases in group of non-descent vaginal hysterectomy (NDVH) and 45 in group of total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH). Demographic characteristics, co-morbid conditions, indications for surgery, operative time, intra- operative blood loss, post-operative analgesia requirements, post-operative hospital stay and post-operative complications were compared between both groups. Those patients having malignancy as diagnosed by Pap smear or by D and C were excluded from the study

Results: The most common age in both groups was 41-50 years. Adenomyotic uterus was the most common indication for surgery in both groups. The mean operative time in NDVH group was 45 min while it was 80 min in TLH group. p<0.001 suggested significant difference when operative time were compared between both groups. Both groups were similar in post-operative analgesia requirement and post-operative hospital stay. Post-operative complications were similar in both groups.

Conclusions: In which way to approach the uterus shall depend upon skill of the surgeon, size and pathological nature of uterus, technology available in the hospital and preference of patient as well as surgeon.


Laparoscopic hysterectomy, Non-descent vaginal hysterectomy

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