Role of intrauterine instillation of levobupivacaine as a local anaesthetic for outpatient gynaecological procedures: a randomized controlled study

Taru Gupta, Ankita Mansinghka, Anil Thakur


Background: Procedures such as intrauterine device (IUD) insertion and endometrial biopsy, are routinely performed in the outpatient setting for various indications. Satisfactory pain control for women undergoing outpatient gynecological procedures is critical for both patient comfort and procedure success. The perception of pain during gynecological procedures originates from manipulation of the cervix and/or uterus.

Methods: This study evaluated the role of intrauterine instillation of 0.5% levobupivacaine as local anesthetic in terms of pain score during and post outpatient gynecological procedures (endometrial aspiration biopsy and IUD insertion), reduction in need for post procedural analgesia and allowance of early return to normal activity. The trial medication was intrauterine anesthesia, either 5 mL 0.5% levobupivacaine or 5 mL 0.9% saline (control group) on 100 patients. Primary outcome was self-reported pain scores on numerical pain scale at various points of procedure, point (0) was a grade for as no pain and the worst pain was graded as ten point (10) in this scale. During the procedure, degree of pain was specified by study subjects at 4 steps. These steps were 1) immediately after tenaculum application, 2) during the solution instillation and 3) IUD insertion or EB and 4) 15 minutes after the procedure and 24 hours later.

Results: Pain scores of the intrauterine levobupivacaine groups were found to be significantly lower than the control group also there was reduced need for additional analgesia and also, they had early return to normal activity.

Conclusions: Study sought to reduce pain during OPD procedures which might lead to better patient experience, reduce anxiety and produce an overall better outcome.


Analgesia, Intrauterine, Levobupivacaine, Pain

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