DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20200900

A study comparing non-gestational diabetes mellitus and gestational diabetes mellitus in antenatal patients in a tertiary care center

Preeti Sharma, Neeta Chaudhary, Suchitra Singh

Abstract


Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus is defined as any glucose intolerance with the onset or first recognition during pregnancy. Objectives of this study were to diagnose cases of GDM by screening with DIPSI criteria at less than 28 weeks. And observation and comparison of maternal and perinatal outcome in women diagnosed of GDM in less than 20 weeks and at 24-28 weeks.

Methods: This was the prospective analytical study conducted in the department of obstetrics and gynecology for one year in Muzaffarnagar medical college and Hospital. After history taking, clinical and obstetrics examination 1503 antenatal patients of less than 28 weeks were enrolled underwent screening with DIPSI criteria. Out of which 80 patients with abnormal OGTT of gestational age less than 20 weeks and 69 patients with abnormal OGTT of gestational age 24 -28 weeks.

Results: In early diagnosed GDM group alive and healthy babies were slightly lower as compared with late diagnosed GDM group.

Conclusions: The diagnosis of GDM gives us an opportunity in identifying individuals who will be benefitted by early therapeutic intervention with diet, exercise, and normalizing the weight to delay or prevent the onset of the disease.


Keywords


Diabetes in pregnancy study group of India, Gestational diabetes mellitus, Lower segment caesarean section, Oral glucose tolerance test

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