Evaluation of induction of labour in a tertiary care hospital

Janupalli Kiran Poornima, Vijayalakshmi K., Anuradha C. R., Famida ., Sai Latha R.


Background: The objective is to evaluate the preferred methods for labor induction, including incidence of caesarean section, operative and normal vaginal delivery rate, need for oxytocin augmentation, and Apgar score at 1 and 5 min.

Methods: This was a hospital-based study carried out in 110 inductions of labour during the study period. misoprostol 50 mcg was inserted in posterior fornix of vaginal in cases with PROM and intracervical 0.5 mg Dinoprostone for other causes in whom induction was decided. Maternal and neonatal outcomes were observed. collected data were analyzed using SPSS and MS excel.

Results: Most preferred methods of induction of labour were observed to be Dinoprostone and Misoprostol, augmentation was done by oxytocin. normal delivery rate was 54% in Dinoprostone gel and 58.3% in misoprostol group. Caesarean and operative vaginal delivery rates were 42.8%, 3% in Dinoprostone gel group and 33.3%, 8.3% respectively in misoprostol group. Mean Apgar scores were observed to be similar in both methods of induction at 1st and 5th minutes.

Conclusions: It was found that misoprostol had higher percentage of normal and operative vaginal delivery and need for oxytocin augmentation than Dinoprostone. Neonatal outcome as predicted by Apgar score were similar in both groups.


Apgar scores, Dinoprostone, Induction of labour, Misoprostol

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