A prospective study to know the efficacy of short-term use of injectable depot medroxy progesterone acetate for contraception in tertiary care hospital from North West Rajasthan, India

Swati Kochar, Arun Kumar, Ankur Nama, Neha Suthar


Background: Population explosion is a major issue especially in our country with the second largest population in world next only to china starting the use of contraception in postpartum period is an effective method of increasing the gap between two pregnancies and hence reducing the family size. Objective was to study the efficacy of DMPA injection in postpartum period for contraception.

Methods: The study was a prospective study conducted on 100 patients during June 2018 to May 2019 in the department of obstetrics and gynaecology, S. P. Medical College Associate A. G. H., Bikaner, Rajasthan, India.

Results: In present study mild irregular bleeding was present in 21, 35 and 38 cases at initial visit, at 3 months and at 6 months follow up respectively. Moderate irregular bleeding was present in 8 cases at initial visit, 27 cases at 3 months and 18 cases at 6 months follow up while 37 and 43 cases had severe irregular bleeding at 3 and 6 months follow up respectively. At baseline, 89 and 10 and 1 cases had their blood sugar <100, 100-120 and >120 respectively, at 3 months follow-up, 94, 6 and 0 cases had their blood sugar level <100, 100-120 and >120 respectively while at 6 months follow-up 97, 3 and 1 cases had their blood sugar level <100, 100-200 and >200 respectively.

Conclusions: Injection DMPA use in postpartum period is safe, effective and reversible method with no deleterious metabolic effects and do not need special training to administer to it, so it is a good option of contraception for women who are lactating.



Depot medroxy progesterone acetate, Irregular bleeding, Postpartum period

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