Clinical outcome of post-abortion intrauterine contraceptive device insertion

Rupali Dewan, Priyanka Rani


Background: Clinical outcome of post abortion IUCD varies according to type of abortion, method of abortion and period of abortion. There is paucity of Indian literature regarding factor affecting clinical outcome of post-abortal intrauterine contraceptive device insertion. This study was conducted to evaluate clinical outcome of post abortion intrauterine contraceptive in terms of acceptability, safety and continuation rate.

Methods: A prospective cohort study where 112 patients over period of 18 months (November 2017 to April 2019) were included in study done at VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Results: Total 112 patients recruited. Their age ranges from 26-30 years. Mean age of women were 28.11±4.51 years. Majority of women who underwent IUCD insertion were para2. Regardless of type of IUCD, the most common side effects associated with copper wearing IUCD were change in amount of menstrual flow. Two cases of PID after CuT380A insertion and one case of PID after cu375. No perforation occurred. Continuation rate were 86.79%. Satisfaction rate were 82.14%.

Conclusions: There is higher rate of continuation and satisfaction among women who had undergone immediate post abortion OUCD insertion. Early insertion of IUCD after abortion is safe, effective and well tolerated by women. Clinical outcome of post abortion is not affected by type of copper containing IUCD i.e., Cu380A and Cu375.


Continuation, Immediate insertion, Intrauterine device, Post abortion contraception, Satisfaction

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