Evaluation of unhealthy cervix by Pap smear and colposcopy guided biopsy


  • Meenakshi Venkatesh Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Ushadevi Gopalan Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu, India




Cervical carcinoma, Colposcopy guided biopsy, Pap smear and unhealthy cervix


Cancer of cervix ranks as the third common malignancy in females worldwide. In developing countries like India, carcinoma cervix is the second commonest malignancy affecting females. India accounts for 18% of the global burden of carcinoma cervix. To address the above problem a literature review was done using search engines like PubMed, Google scholar etc to evaluate the unhealthy cervix by comparison of Pap smear and colposcopy guided biopsy.


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Garg R, Desai R. Cytologic and colposcopic evaluation of all symptomatic women at tertiary care centre. Int J Adv Med. 2017;4:799-80.

Thobbi VA, Khan F. Cervical cytology by Pap smear in reproductive population. Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol. 2018;7:1988-92.

Sharma JC, Leekha K. Awareness, positivity of Pap smear in adult females. Indian J Gynecol Oncol. 2018;16(3):46.

Sinha S, Singh V, Mishra B, Singh A. Comparing the efficacy of visual inspection of cervix with acetic acid and Lugol's iodine with Pap smear cytology in screening for cancer cervix. J Cur Res Scient Med. 2018;4(1):10.

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