Maternal and fetal outcome in placenta previa: our experience


  • G. D. Maiti Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Command Hospital (EC), Kolkata, West Bengal, India
  • M. Adhikary Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 9 Air Force Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
  • P. R. Lele Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, INHS Asvini, Colaba, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
  • Shilpa Gupta Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Command Hospital (EC), Kolkata, West Bengal, India
  • M. Saha Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Command Hospital (EC), Kolkata, West Bengal, India
  • Swagata Maiti Department of Dental Surgery, Rajasthan College of Dental Science, Rajasthan, India



Caeserean, Feto-Maternal outcome, Placenta previa


Background: Placenta previa contributes substantial maternal and neonatal morbidity including management challenges for obstetrician. This study was to evaluate the potential risks factors and feto-maternal, outcome in placenta previa. This study was done with the intent of developing insight into risk factors, clinical presentation, various interventions and management for overall improvement in maternal and fetal outcome in placenta previa.

Methods: A prospective observational study, where 30 cases of placenta previa confirmed after 28 weeks POG, treated in a public sector tertiary care hospital from June 2016 to June 2018 were included. Authors analyzed the data to evaluate the potential risks factors and maternal and fetal outcome in placenta previa.

Results: In this study, major contributing risk factors for placenta previa were associated with multiparity (76.7%), maternal age >30 in 50%, previous LSCS in 46.7%, repeated uterine procedure like suction evacuation/curretage. There was a high rate of maternal morbidity mainly due to haemorrhage. Perioperative uterine artery embolization (UAE) in 3 (10%), intra-operative procedures namely devascularization, internal iliac ligation in 66.6% cases, peripartum hysterectomy in 2 (6.66%) were done to control haemorrhage. Blood and blood products transfusion required in 26.7% of cases. Fetal morbidity included prematurity in 9 (33.3%), NICU admission in 11 (36.6%) majority of which included 8 (26.7%) babies of birth weight <2000 grams.

Conclusions: Placenta previa contributes to significant maternal and neonatal morbidity. Multiparity, post LSCS pregnancy constitute major factor for placenta previa. Management requires high-risk obstetrical care with frequent antenatal visits. Serial ultrasonography in reported cases of low-lying placenta is mandatory to exclude over diagnosis or migration. All cases of placenta previa need to be managed in a higher centre with facility of blood component therapy and neonatal intensive care unit. Prematurity and low birth weight remain a significant cause for neonatal morbidity.


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Original Research Articles