Caesarean section in a tertiary care centre

Rina V. Patel, Divyanshi J. Shani, Parul T. Shah, Dipali Pandey


Background: Caesarean section constitutes a major surgical procedure characterized with morbidity even if it is performed a planned procedure. Postoperative infection in obstetrics continues to affect the practice of every surgeon. Infection can cause an increase in patient’s stay in the hospital, create discomfort, cause disfigurement and lead to morbidities to the patient. Thus, preventive measures need to be constantly evaluated and updated and hence authors have to study and analyse prevalence of postoperative infectious morbidities.

Methods: The study was conducted in an Urban Based Medical College Hospital in Ahmedabad. It was a retrospective cross-sectional study of 50 cases of patients who suffered infectious complications post caesarean from 1st March 2019 to 31st March 2020.

Results: The prevalence rate of surgical site infection in my study is 5.9% whereas of post-operative puerperal sepsis is 0.6%, of post-operative urinary tract infection is 1.09%, of post-operative breast abnormalities is 0.16%. The most common infectious morbidity amongst all was surgical site infection (surgical site) infection and its prevalence was 5.9%.

Conclusions: The development of post-operative infection is an important event that can be prevented by taking proper precautions and following prescribed guidelines. There should be specific use of antibiotics in the post-operative period. In the event of early signs of sepsis antibiotics should be administered properly as per culture sensitivity report. The decrease in infection rate also indirectly reduce the health costs involved in treating them post operatively.


Breast abscess, Infectious morbidities, Surgical site infection, Urinary tract infection

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