DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20203326

Study of hundred cases of infertility in polycystic ovarian syndrome and its management outcome

Kruti J. Deliwala, Zalak J. Patel, Parul T. Shah, Dhruvit Dholakiya

Abstract


Background: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is relatively common endocrine disorder in reproductive aged women, which leads to reproductive, metabolic and endocrine abnormality. About 70 to 80% patients with PCOS have complained of infertility due to anovulation. Due to advanced diagnostic facility by endoscopic evaluation in infertility, incidence of PCOS has increased now a days.

Methods: This is study of 100 cases of infertility with polycystic ovarian syndrome and its pregnancy outcome. In this study, from May 2019 to April 2020, 100 cases of infertility with PCOS were studied at tertiary care hospital. Hormonal assay, ultrasound and laparoscopy were used as diagnostic technique. Clomiphene citrate, letrozole, metformin, and laparoscopic ovarian drilling were used as treatment modalities.

Results: The maximum number of patients in the study group are seen in the age group of 21-25 years. Menstrual irregularities are the most common presenting symptom affecting 70% females. Primary infertility is most commonly associated with PCOS. In PCOS, there is increased LH:FSH ratio. On USG examination, there are enlarged ovaries in 82% cases.

Conclusions: PCOS is an emerging disease of new generation with high prevalence in infertile women. After proper diagnosis, management with lifestyle modification, pharmacotherapy with clomiphene citrate, letrozole and metformin are used as per necessities. Operative laparoscopy with ovarian drilling is the main treatment which results in good conception rate.


Keywords


Clomiphene citrate, Infertility, Laparoscopy, Letrozole, Metformin, Polycystic ovarian syndrome

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