Evaluation of serum paraoxonase, 1 and its association with serum cholinesterase as a cause of congenital anomalies


  • Abhra Ghosh Department of Biochemistry, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
  • Jagriti Bhardwaj Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, ESIC Basaidarapur, New Delhi, India
  • Robin Singh Department of Oncology, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
  • Divya Baruhee Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, ESIC Basaidarapur, New Delhi, India




Congenital anomalies, Cholinesterase, Paraoxonase 1


Background: Birth defects are conditions of prenatal origin that are present at birth, potentially impacting an infant's health, development, and/or survival. Several environmental toxins affect the growth of the fetus during the intrauterine period by affecting various cellular components. Pesticides and industrial chemicals are known toxins that can hinder the developmental process. In this study, authors are evaluating the relation of cholinesterase and paraoxonase-1 with visible congenital anomalies.

Methods: Sixty babies delivered in the labor room were selected for the study. They were divided into two groups. Thirty newborns with visible congenital anomalies were included in Group I. Only babies with visible congenital anomalies were taken as inclusion criteria for this group. This group was compared with Group II, which were taken as controls and consisted of 30 healthy newborns without any congenital anomalies. Serum cholinesterase and serum paraoxonase-1 were estimated and statistical tests were applied.

Results: Serum cholinesterase and serum paraoxonase-1 were significantly low in the babies with visible congenital anomalies. Serum cholinesterase levels showed a statistically significant positive correlation with serum paraoxonase 1 level in both the groups.

Conclusions: Decrease in acetylcholinesterase by various environmental toxins and the associated decrease in serum paraoxonase level imposes significant oxidant stress and the resultant risk of developing congenital anomalies.


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