Covid 19, the Kerala experience: an observational, single centre retrospective study of outcome in covid positive pregnancies

Sabnam S. Nambiar, Ajith S., Reshmi V. P.


Background: Covid 19 has spread across the world at an alarming rate. Approximately 4.05 million people have got infected worldwide resulting in around 279,000 deaths. Over 1 million people have recovered worldwide. Aim of this study was to determine whether course and severity of covid 19 is altered in pregnant women and whether covid 19 seemed to worsen the prognosis in pregnant women.

Methods: Around 50 covid positive patients were admitted to this study hospital, a tertiary care referral hospital and medical college, between march and May 2020, 11 were pregnant. Authors collected their data retrospectively to understand the course of their disease till the period of recovery.

Results: There were 6 patients above 31 weeks of whom one had elective repeat caesarean section, one had full term vaginal delivery, one is under follow up. Three patients had foetal distress necessitating emergency caesarean section. Of the remaining 5 patients with periods of gestation between 9-13 weeks, 1 of 24 weeks, 6 patients above 31 weeks, one had a miscarriage. Rest pregnancies are continuing and under follow up. 6 women had been symptomatic at admission, with mild symptoms of low-grade fever, sore throat and rhinitis. All were treated with hydroxychloroquine (HCQs). Those with respiratory symptoms like cough were also treated with oseltamivir. In view of high prevalence of H1N1 in the region. None of the women developed severe disease. The disease did not appear to worsen prognosis in pregnant women. The rate of recovery in pregnant women was similar to that seen in non-pregnant women and also men under the age of 40 years admitted in this study hospital.

Conclusions: Covid 19 did not seem to worsen the prognosis in pregnant individuals when compared to rest of the population. The foetal outcomes also seemed favorable. However larger studies are required before concrete guidelines could be formulated for management of the disease in pregnancy.


Caesarean section, Covid 19, Pregnancy, Hydroxychloroquine, Miscarriages, Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction

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