Maternal outcome in thyroid dysfunction in admitted antenatal women in tertiary care centre: an observational study
Keywords:Antenatal, Hypothyroidism, Maternal, Outcomes, Thyroid dysfunction
Background: Thyroid disorders constitute one of the most common endocrine disorders in pregnancy. Aim of this study was to identify thyroid dysfunction as a maternal health problem. Objective of this study was to study the maternal outcomes in these patients.
Methods: The main source of data are the patients admitted in Sultania Zanana Hospital, GMC Bhopal. The study was an observational prospective study conducted from March 2018 to February 2019.
Results: The present study was conducted in department of obstetrics and gynecology, Gandhi Medical College and associated Sultania Zanana Hospital Bhopal for the period of 1 year. The study could enroll 400 females fulfilling the inclusion criteria during the study period.
Conclusions: In developing countries like India where there is prominent micronutrient deficiency, iodine deficiency further aggravates the condition and carries a great potential to show deleterious impacts on maternal and fetal outcomes, thus serving a major health problem. Considering the substantial increase in short term as well as long term perinatal morbidity, a felt need for creating awareness not only on adverse outcomes but also detection of the disorder in first trimester is required. The desired perinatal outcome can be achieved by early detection and prompt treatment of the disorder. Henceforth, universal screening of all antenatal women in the first trimester rather than targeted case finding should be recommended at all the health care facilities.
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