DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20203044

Gestational trophoblastic diseases: an observational study at a tertiary care teaching hospital in Jharkhand, India

Archana Kumari, Nikita Chauhan

Abstract


Background: Gestational Trophoblastic Diseases (GTD) encompass a wide spectrum of proliferative disorders of trophoblast tissue, which hold a good prognosis if diagnosed and treated on time. A close understanding of the disease spectrum is therefore needed to reduce morbidity and mortality.

Methods: This is an observational study (both prospective and retrospective analysis) conducted in Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, a tertiary care teaching hospital in Ranchi, Jharkhand over a period of 2 years from 1st January 2017 to 31st December 2018.

Results: A total of 162 cases of GTD were identified during the study period. Disease spectrum comprised of complete molar pregnancy in 146 (90.12%) and partial molar pregnancy in 7 (4.3%), GTN in 9 out of 162 cases (5.5%). Bleeding per vaginum preceded by amenorrhea was the most common symptom, observed in 95.4% of the cases. Uterine size was more than period of amenorrhea in almost 50% of the cases. Theca lutein cysts were found in 39.8% of the cases, hypertension in 21.5%, hyperthyroidism in 6.5% cases. Overall, there were nine (5.56%) cases of choriocarcinoma and six (3.7%) cases of Invasive mole. Remission rate in GTN was 86.7% with chemotherapy.

Conclusions: Women complaining of vaginal bleeding in first half of pregnancy with uterine size more than period of amenorrhea must be evaluated for GTD by ultrasound and serum beta HCG. For cases of molar pregnancies, suction and evacuation remains the treatment of choice but need for regular follow-up and strict compliance to contraception during entire follow up has to be emphasized. Cases of GTN have excellent remission with chemotherapy.


Keywords


Choriocarcinoma, Gestational trophoblastic neoplasia, Gestational trophoblastic disease, Hydatidiform mole, Invasive mole, Molar pregnancy

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