Female sterilization failure, consequences and further contraception: a review of cases over ten years


  • Reena Rani Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Maulana Azad Medical College and Lok Nayak Hospital, Delhi, India
  • Rachna Sharma Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Maulana Azad Medical College and Lok Nayak Hospital, Delhi, India
  • Charu Kohli Department of Community Medicine, ESIC Medical College and hospital, Faridabad, Haryana, India




Contraception, Fertility control, Laparoscopy, Sterilization failure


Objective: To study the socio-demographic profile and etiological factors responsible for failure of tubal ligation. Their outcome and further adopted methods of contraception.

Methods: This was a retrospective observational study done in a tertiary care centre from January 2009 to December 2018. All cases who came with sterilization failure were reviewed including their demographic patterns, previous methods used and the contraception choices adopted after procedural failure.

Results: Over a period of ten years, out of a total of 157 cases of sterilization failure 43.33% (n=68) were laparoscopic interval ligation, 42.60% (n=67) were laparoscopic ligation with termination of pregnancy, 10.20% (n=16) were sterilization done along with lower segment cesarean section and 1.9% (n=3) were mini-laparotomy (minilap) done in postpartum period. Only 63.05% (n=99) got repeat sterilization procedure done despite previous failure. Out of 157 cases, in 50.9% (n=80) recanalization was found, tuboperitoneal fistula was responsible in 5.7% (n=9) women, slipped fallope ring was found in 5.7% (n=9) women, wrong application of fallope ring was seen in 1.9% (n=3) and 35.6% (n=56) did not opted for religation.

Conclusion: Failures of sterilization procedures do exist especially in laparoscopic ligation. Counseling prior to adoption of this method, risk of failure and other noninvasive options of contraception must be discussed.



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Original Research Articles