Prevalence of menopausal symptoms and its association with various factors among women in post menopausal age group: a cross-sectional study

Sushree Priyadarsini Satapathy, Nivedita Karmee, Rabinarayan Dash


Background: Menopause is an important time in women's life and it is a natural event in the process of aging. The onset of menopause heralds a time of diminished estrogen exposure, which may have both acute and chronic effect on health and quality of life.

Methods: It was a cross sectional study, conducted for a period of 3months i.e. June to August 2018 among post menopausal women in 8 selected villages with a sample size of 247.

Results: The common post- menopausal symptoms were joint and muscular discomfort, bladder problems, symptoms of dryness of vagina, physical and mental exhaustion. Factors like education, occupation, socio-economic status, marital status, parity, mode of delivery, age at menopause and BMI was related to one or more menopausal symptoms.  

Conclusions: Proper and timely intervention among post menopausal women will help to reduce the symptoms and lead a better quality of life. 


Postmenopausal women, Menopausal symptoms, Determinants

Full Text:



Sagdeo MM, Arora D. Menopausal symptoms: a comparative study in rural and urban women. J K Science. 2011;13(1):23-6.

Karmakar N, Majumdar S, Dasgupta A, Das S. Quality of life among menopausal women: A community-based study in a rural area of West Bengal. J Midlife Health. 2017;8(1):21-7.

Research on the menopause in the 1990s. Report of a WHO Scientific Group. World Health Organ Tech Rep Ser. Available at: pubmed/8942292. Accessed on 23 July 2020.

Unni J. Third consensus meeting of Indian Menopause Society (2008): A summary. J Midlife Health. 2010;1(1):43-7.

Introduction to overall health and quality of health in women. Available from: http://shodhganga.inflibnet. Accessed on 20 July 2020.

Dutta R, Dcruze L, Anuradha R, Rao SRM. A Population Based Study on the Menopausal Symptoms in a Rural Area of Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2012(Suppl-2);6(4):597-601.

Census of India 2011 Odisha series-22 part xii-b district census handbook ganjam village and town wise Primary Census Abstract(PCA) directorate of census operations Odisha. Available at: Accessed on 20 July 2020.

Singh A, Pradhan SK. Menopausal symptoms of postmenopausal women in a rural community of Delhi, India: A cross-sectional study. J Midlife Health. 2014;5(2):62-7.

Nusrat N, Nishat Z, Gulfareen H, Aftab M, Asia N. Knowledge, attitude and experience of menopause. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2008;20(1):56-9.

Christian D, Kathad M, Bhavsar B. Socio-demographic characteristics of post- menopausal women of rural area of Vadodara district, Gujarat. Natl J Community. 2011;2(3):419-22.

Das N, Prasad Das B. Age of menopause and menopausal symptoms among women attending Gauhati Medical College and Hospital, Guwahati, Assam: A cross-sectional study. Sch J Appl Med Sci Sch J App Med Sci. 2015;3(7C):2621-9.

Jabeen N, Akmal S, Shabbir S, Mahmood M. Association of menopause related vasomotor symptoms with socio-demographic factors. Journal of Rawalpindi Medical College. 2015;19(3):235-8.

Madhukumar S, Gaikwad V. A community based study on perceptions about menopausal symptoms and quality of life of post-menopausal women in Bangalore rural. Int J Heal Sci Res. 2017;8:21-7.

Alquaiz JM, Siddiqui AR, Tayel SA, Habib FA. Determinants of severity of menopausal symptoms among Saudi women in Riyadh city. Climacteric. 2014;17(1):71-8.

Sreelatha AS, Hassan SH. Prevalence and pattern of direct gynecological morbidity among postmenopausal women aged above 50- a community study. 2017;5(4):21070-6.

Susila T, Roy G. Gynecological morbidities in a population of rural postmenopausal women in pondicherry: uncovering the hidden base of the iceberg. J Obstet Gynecol India. 2014;64(1):53-8.

Kaulagekar A. Age of menopause and menopausal symptoms among urban women in Pune, Maharashtra. J Obstet Gynecol India. 2011;61(3):323-6.