DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20204307

Maternal and fetal factors associated with non detection of fetal growth restriction at term: a retrospective study

Atiya Aziz, Shyamji Tiwari, Madhusudan Dey, Suneeta Singh

Abstract


Background: Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is one of the major factors of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Aim was to study the maternal and fetal risk factors associated with non- detection of fetal growth restriction.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was done at a tertiary care hospital. 280 term newborn cases weighing <2.5 kg were selected and they were divided into two groups, Group I- FGR detected cases by ultrasound, and group II- FGR non detected cases. Data was collected from the labour room registers.

Results: Incidence of FGR found to be 6.8%.The maternal biological factors found to be significantly associated with fetal growth restriction were gestational hypertension, chronic hypertension and anemia. Fewer ANC visits was associated with non-detection of FGR cases. Detection of FGR cases were more if the birth weight found to be <2 kg when compared to non detection of FGR cases.

Conclusions: Anaemia and fewer ante natal visits were associated with non detection of FGR at term when compared with antenatally detected FGR patients.


Keywords


Anemia, Ante natal checkup, Birth weight, Fetal growth restriction, Term pregnancy

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