DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20203830

Pregnant women’s knowledge and practice of preventive measures against COVID-19: a study from Mysore city, Karnataka, India

Mamatha Shivanagappa, Yerva Sai Bhavana, Smitha Malenahalli Chandrashekarappa

Abstract


Background: The presently ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has not spared any segment of society including pregnant women. It is absolutely essential that pregnant mothers and their caregivers be fully aware of accurate facts about COVID-19. Objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and practice of preventive measures against COVID-19 infection among pregnant women of Mysore City.

Methods: This was a cross sectional study, conducted among pregnant women attending prenatal care at a tertiary care centre. Data was collected using a validated questionnaire administered via google form to consenting pregnant women. The variables assessed were knowledge about aetiology, mode of spread and preventive measures to protect against COVID-19. Data was also collected on socio-demographic characteristics, which included age, parity, marital status, residence, occupation, participant’s education, husband’s education.

Results: Out of the 93 responders, majority 71 (76.3%) were in the age group 20-30 years. 17 (18.3%) were in the 30-40 years age group. Regarding number of children 41 (44.1%) had one child 16 (17.2%) had 2 children and 32 (34.3%) were primigravida. With respect to educational status 70 (75.26%) were having graduate degree. 19 (20.4%) were non graduates, but had completed high school. Educational level of the husbands of the respondents was along similar lines with 62 (66.66%) having completed graduation, and 28 (30.1%) had completed high school. 91(97.8%) respondents were correct in identifying virus as the cause of COVID-19. 88 (94.6%) rightly chose mode of spread by sneezing or cough. 1 (0.1%) respondent wrongly indicated that injections were the mode of spread. Main symptoms cough and fever were correctly identified by 80 (86%) respondents. The practice of preventive medicine was low with respect to all aspects of COVID prevention. Only 27 (29.7%) were following frequent handwashing recommendation. Only 26 (28.6%) were following staying indoors advise. 28 (30.8%) of the respondents were wearing masks. However, 82 (90.1%) were following at least one of the preventive measures.

Conclusions: The knowledge levels of pregnant women were satisfactory However this was not translated into practice by majority of the respondents.


Keywords


COVID-19, Infection, Knowledge, Pandemic, Practice, Pregnant mothers

Full Text:

PDF

References


Rasmussen SA, Smulian JC, Lednicky JA, Wen TS, Jamieson DJ. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-2019) and pregnancy: What obstetricians need to know. AJOG. 2020;222(5):415-26.

Poon LC, Yang H, Kapur A, Melamed N, Dao B, Divakar H, et al. Global interim guidance on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) during pregnancy and puerperium from FIGO and allied partners: information for healthcare professionals. Int J Gynecol Obstet. 2020;149(3):273-86.

World Health Organization. Coronavirus (COVID-19). 2020. Available at: https://who.sprinklr.com. Accessed on 22nd July 2020.

World Health Organization. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public. 2020. Available at: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public. Accessed on 22nd July 2020.

Siston AM, Rasmussen SA, Honein MA, Fry AM, Seib K, Callaghan WM, et al. Pandemic H1N1 influenza in pregnancy working group. Pandemic 2009 influenza A(H1N1) virus illness among pregnant women in the United States. JAMA. 2010;303:1517-25.

Ryean GA, Purandare NC, McAuliffe FM, Hod M, Purandare CN. Clinical update on COVID‐19 in pregnancy: A review article. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2020:1-11.

Nwafor JI, Aniukwu JK, Anozie BO, Ikeotuonye AC, Okedo‐Alex IN. Pregnant women’s knowledge and practice of preventive measures against COVID‐19 in a low‐resource African setting. Int J Gynecol Obstet. 2020;150(1):121-3.

Nolan ML. Information giving and education in pregnancy: a review of qualitative studies. J Perinatal Edu. 2009;18(4):21-30.