To study the feto-maternal outcome in cases with previous surgical intervention for first trimester abortion on subsequent pregnancy and to compare with cases without history of previous abortion

Kritika Tanwar, Bani Sarkar, Anjali Chauhan


Background: To study the Feto-maternal outcome in cases with previous surgical intervention for first trimester abortion on subsequent pregnancy and to compare with cases without history of previous abortion.

Methods: A cross sectional observational study was conducted over a period of two years. Study included 80 consenting females at 28 weeks POG. Females with history of prior surgical abortion just before the present pregnancy were included as cases (n=40) and rest as controls (n=40). Detailed obstetric history was taken, subjects were then followed till delivery and feto-maternal outcomes such as period of gestation, mode of delivery birth weight, Apgar score, increased NICU stay at the time of delivery were recorded and analyzed.

Results: We observed that the women with history of induced surgical abortion were at increased risk of Pre term birth (52.5%, p value0.006), Cesarean section (40%, p value 0.012), Low birth weight (47.5%, p value <0.001), increased NICU stay (32.5%, p value 0.027) compared to primi-gravida controls.

Conclusions: We concluded that women with previous history of induced surgical abortions were at increased risk of preterm birth, very preterm birth and low birth weight babies, NICU stay in the subsequent pregnancies. The risk of caesarean was found to be increased in women with previous induced abortions exposing the women to the morbidity associated with the C-section. Hence patient with prior history of surgical first trimester abortion needs more vigilant monitoring during antenatal period in subsequent pregnancy.


feto-maternal, abortion, POG, NICU, APGAR score

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