DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20204321

A study on maternal factors affecting low birth weight in institutional deliveries

Chaithra A., Mahantappa A. Chiniwar, Sharada B. Menasinkai

Abstract


Background: Low birth weight is defined as birth weight below 2500 mg. WHO states prevalence of LBW is 26%. LBW babies are more prone for neonatal morbidity and mortality. 1) To assess various factors like maternal age, height, education, socioeconomic status on the birth weight of the baby. 2) To assess obstetric factors like parity, gestational age, antenatal care, anemia, hypertension on the birth weight of the newborn.

Methods: A hospital bound cross sectional study done at the tertiary care centre. Study was done for a period of 2 months from 1st June to 30th July 2019 in Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Hospital a rural medical college in Karnataka. Maternal data were collected and baby weight was recorded soon after birth on weighing scale.

Results: There were 65 births during the study period. There were 13 babies weighing less than 2500 gm. Prevalence of LBW was 20%. 43.47% mothers were aged between 18 to 25 years and 7.14% were more than 25 years. 30.4% mother’s height was between 140 to 150 cm and 14.2% were more than 150 cm. Regarding maternal education, 15.3% degree, 24.1% PUC, 15% High school and 33.3% were primary school level. Regarding socioeconomic status 22.2% low, 25% lower middle, 18.7% middle class, 18.7% belonged to upper middle class. Regarding gestational age 50% were <37 weeks, 15.5% between 37-42 weeks, 10% were 42 weeks.73.8% women had normal BP, 21.5% were prehypertensive, 4.6% had PIH.

Conclusions: Low birth weight is one of the important factors in infant morbidity and mortality. Maternal health was important factor in delivery of low birth babies. Maternal height, sex of baby, mode of delivery has no role in low birth weight babies.


Keywords


Anemia, Gestational age, Low birth weight

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abera Z, Ejara D, Gebremedhin S. “Nutritional and non-nutritional factors associated with low birth weight in Sawula Town, Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Etiopia”. Abera et al. BMC Res Notes (2019)12:540.

Gizaw B, Gebremedhin S. “Factors associated with low birth weight in North Shewa zone, Central Ethiopia: case-control study.” Gizaw and Gebremedhin Italian J Pediatr 2018;44:76.

Pawar A, Kumar D.”Maternal factors associated with Low birth weight:a case control study in rural Kerala.” International J Community medicine and public health 2017;4(10):3793-5.

Metgud CS, Naik VA Mallapur MD.” Factors affecting birth weight of new born – A Community Based Study in Rural Karnataka, India”. PLOSONE 2012;7(7):e40040.

Gogoi N. “Maternal and neonatal risk factors of low birth weight in Guwahati Metro, Assam , Northeast India.” The Academic Journal of Paediatrics and Neonatal 2018;6(5):001-6.

RadhaKumari P, BhavaniGuduri G, Venkateswarula. “A study on maternal factors affecting low birth weight in Institutional deliveries.” IOSRJO Dental and Medical science 2015;14(1):45-8.

Gebremedhin M, Ambaw F, Admassu E, Berhane H. “Maternal associated factors of low birth weight:a hospital Based cross sectional mixed study in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia.” BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 201515:222.

Talie A, Taddele M, Alemayehu M. “Magnitude of Low Birth Weight and Associated FactorsamongNewborns Delivered in Dangla Primary Hospital, Amhara regional state, Northwest Ethiopia, Hind J Pregn 2017:6.

Mulatu H, Zepre K, Betre M Hailemicael G. Magnitude and Factors Associated with Low Birth Weight among New Born in Selected Public Hospitals of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Glob J Med Res. 2016

Wardlaw T, Blanc A, Zupan J, Ahmam E. Low Birthweight Count, Regional And Global Estimates. www.who.int [UNICEF]; 2004.