Two-year surgical review of elective hysterectomy for non-oncological indications: experience from a tertiary centre

John J. K. Annan, Thomas O. Konney, Gerald O. Asubonteng, Wilfred S. Awortwi


Background: This retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study was aimed at determining indications, surgical outcomes, complications and challenges of elective non-oncological hysterectomies performed at a tertiary referral centre over a 2-year period (1st December 2018 to 31st December 2019).

Methods: With ethical approval, the medical records of all eligible women were retrieved, reviewed and analyzed. Measures of central tendencies, frequencies and percentages were used to compute the variables.

Results: During the 2-year study period, a total of 245 elective non-oncological hysterectomies were performed. The age of the women ranged from 33 to 80 years with a mean age of 49.08 years; [standard deviation (SD): 8.88]. Women in the 40-49 year-old-age group constituted the majority 55.51% (n=136/245). Main indications were multinodular fibroid uterus (without menorrhagia), fibroid uterus with menorrhagia and genital prolapse. There was no case of laparoscopic hysterectomy. Majority (98.78%; n=242/245) of the hysterectomies were total hysterectomies. The commonest additional procedures performed was bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (31.84%; n=78/245). Intra-operative complication rates were low: (0.40%; n=1/245) for bowel injury, bladder injury and bleeding from an ovary. Regional anaesthesia was the commonest type of anaesthesia (71.84%; n=176/245). The primary surgeon was above the level of a specialist in 99.19% (n=243/245) of cases.

Conclusions: Most women had hysterectomy for non-oncological indications in their fourth and fifth decades of life on account of fibroid-related conditions and genital prolapse. There was no uptake of laparoscopic hysterectomy. Hysterectomies are generally safe in the hands of an experienced and skilled surgical team.


Non-oncological hysterectomy, Fibroid, Adenomyosis, Menorrhagia, Chronic pelvic pain

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