Fetomaternal outcomes in pregnancy with different cardiac disease at a tertiary care center in Udaipur


  • Keerti Chaudhary Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ravindra Nath Tagore Medical College and Hospital, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
  • Sangeeta Sen Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ravindra Nath Tagore Medical College and Hospital, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India




Fetomaternal outcome. Pregnancy, Cardiac diseases


Background: The incidence of maternal cardiac diseases has an adverse effect on pregnancy outcomes. The present study was done the objective to determine the Incidence and distribution of cardiac disease in pregnant patients, to assess mode of delivery and fetomaternal outcome in pregnancy with heart disease patients.

Methods: This was a hospital based prospective observational study that include 65 pregnant women with diagnosed cardiac disease or had symptoms and signs suggestive of cardiac disease during the period from January 2018 to December 2019. Baseline data recorded including age, parity, gestational age, cardiac lesions, New York heart association (NYHA) functional class, use of cardiac medications, thorough clinical examination including chest and cardiovascular auscultation, ECG and echocardiographic assessment of left and right ventricular systolic function. Fetomaternal outcome was analysed in the study.

Results: The mean age of the patients was 24.33±2.93 years (ranging from 19-36 years). 34 patients (52.30%) were primigravida. Majority (58.46%) cases were from rural area. Majority patients (70.77%) are present between 37-40 weeks of gestational age. Most of patients had vaginal delivery (64.62%). 43 patients (66.15%) diagnosed with heart disease after pregnancy, while 22 patients (33.85%) are diagnosed before pregnancy for heart disease. Neonatal complications were seen in in 35.38% of patients. Cardiac complications were present in 40% of patients. majority of fetal complications are in nonoperated patients (46.15%).

Conclusion: The management of pregnant women with cardiac diseases requires multidisciplinary approach to prevent morbidity and mortality. It is necessary to optimize healthcare facilities to obtain maximum maternal and fetal outcome.



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