Comparative evaluation of tubal patency by hysterosalpingography and laparoscopic chromopertubation


  • Bindu S. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Government Dharmapuri Medical College, Dharmapuri, Tamil Nadu, India



Hysterosalpingography, Luteal phase defect, Salpingitis isthmica nodosa, Pelvic inflammatory disease


Background: Infertility is defined as one year of unprotected intercourse without pregnancy, primary in which no previous pregnancies have occurred and secondary in which a prior pregnancy not necessarily a live birth has occurred. The objective of the study was to compare the relative efficacy of hysterosalpingography (HSG) and laparoscopy with chromopertubation in the diagnosis of tubal factors in infertile women.

Methods: 90 infertile women attending the infertility clinic at Dharmapuri Medical College and Hospital were selected for this study. The study period was from April 2016 to July 2017 these patients were initially counseled along with their partners and a thorough history of both the partners was obtained followed by a general and pelvic examination of female partners.

Results: HSG results indicated that 48 patients had tubal pathology and 11 patients had uterine pathology. Of those 11 patients with uterine pathology, 6 patients with synechiae had both tubal and uterine pathology. The remaining 5 had only uterine pathology and tubes were patent in them. The site of tubal occlusion in all those blocked tubes shows that more number of the tubal blockage was seen in mid segment of the tube (24 cases) followed by the fimbrial block in 16 cases. Diagnostic laparoscopy with chromopertubation was performed in all 90 patients and the findings were recorded.

Conclusions: HSG has reasonably good sensitivity and specificity in diagnosing tubal pathology of infertile women. But given the high rate of false-positive diagnosis of tubal pathology (29%) in HSG, a follow-up laparoscopy is warranted.


Author Biography

Bindu S., Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Government Dharmapuri Medical College, Dharmapuri, Tamil Nadu, India



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