Published: 2020-11-26

Comparison of diagnostic accuracy of hysteroscopy and ultrasonography in relation to histopathology in cases of postmenopausal bleeding

Dilpreet K. Pandher, Alka Sehgal, Ranjeev Bhagat, Poonam Goel


Background: To evaluate the role of hysteroscopy and ultrasound in relation to histological findings in patients of postmenopausal bleeding and to find out the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive, negative predictive values and accuracy of ultrasound and hysteroscopy.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of the 30 women who underwent hysteroscopic evaluation out of total 103 patients of postmenopausal bleeding over the period of one year (August 2017 and July 2018) was done. Records were taken out to collect the relevant information. USG and hysteroscopic findings were correlated with histopathology for the comparative analysis.

Results: Indications of hysteroscopy cases were suspected polyp (5), fractional curettage (F/C) technically not feasible (7), inconclusive USG reports (5), recurrent bleeding with normal fractional curettage report (4), no tissue on F/C (1), removal of intra-uterine contraceptive device (1). Causes of postmenopausal uterine bleeding were found to be atrophic endometrium including one case of senile cystic atrophy (33.3%), secretory endometrium and endometrial polyps (23.3% each) and endometrial malignancy (20.0%) cases. Overall sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy values of USG in various endometrial conditions was found to be 57.1%, 85.2%, 55.1%, 86.2% and 78.5% respectively and for hysteroscopy was 87.1%, 97.5%, 90.0%, 96.7% and 95.3% respectively.

Conclusions: Hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive, safe and effective modality with least complications and morbidity rate and an ideal method for establishing the pathology as well as offering therapeutic intervention simultaneously.


Endometrial neoplasms, Hysteroscopy, Post menopause, Ultrasonography

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