Evaluation of maternal and fetal outcome in corona positive pregnant women

Bharti Maheshwari, Preeti Sharma, Kamini Panwar, Kirti Giri Goswami


Background: COVID-19 has spread globally at an accelerated rate with rapid increases in cases and mortality. Viral pneumonia is one of the leading causes of pregnancy deaths worldwide. Physiological changes during pregnancy, such as reduced functional residual volumes, diaphragm elevation, and oedema of respiratory tract mucosa, as well as changes in cell immunity can lead to increased susceptibility to viral infections and can have worsened outcomes.

Methods: The study was conducted after clearance from Board of Studies and Ethical committee in the Department of obstetrics and gynaecology, Muzaffarnagar medical college, Muzaffarnagar. It was a retrospective study. Out of total 1500 covid positive patients admitted in 3 months, 33 pregnant women were included which were covid positive.

Results: The study population consisted of 16 (48.5%) women from 20-25 years, 12 (36.4%) women from 26-30 years and 5 (15.2%) women from above 30 years. There was history of exposure among all (100.0%) pregnant women with only 2 (6.1%) having symptoms of COVID-19.Out of 33, 8 patients were severelyanemic, 4 had preeclampsia, 2 cases had previous 2 LSCS, 5 previous 1 LSCS, 1 leaking pervaginum, 3 cases had fetal distress at admission. As per gestational age, 9 (27.3%) women had pre-term delivery, 21 (63.6%) had normal term delivery and 3 (9.1%) had post-term delivery. 13 women were primigravida and 20 were multigravida. The mode of delivery was LSCS among 24 (73%) and normal delivery among 1 (3.0%) women.

Conclusions: In our study, there were no maternal and fetal complications among pregnant women with COVID-19.


COVID-19, Infants, Perinatal transmission, Pregnant women

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