Glucose handling during menstrual cycle


  • Amruta S. Bennal Assistant Professor in Physiology, Navodaya Medical College, Raichur, India
  • Sudha Biradar Kerure Associate Professor in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Navodaya Medical College, Raichur, India


Menstrual cycle, Fasting blood sugar, Postprandial blood sugar


Background: Menstrual cycle is a physiological phenomenon during reproductive life of women. Its phases are influenced by alteration in the concentration of hormones such as estrogen and progesterone. Certain physiological parameters, such as blood glucose are affected during menstrual cycle. So our study includes estimating FBS and PPBS (2 hour after OGTT) in different phases of menstrual cycle. The objective of this study was to know the effect of different phases of menstrual cycle on glucose metabolism in younger age group.

Methods: A Cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted in 50 normal menstruating women with age 18 to 22 years and with normal BMI. Statistical analysis was done by using student “t” test.

Results: There is no significant change in FBS levels during different phases of menstrual cycle. There is significant change in PPBS levels during secretory phase comparing with proliferative phase and menstrual phase.

Conclusion: During secretory phase, individuals are prone for having higher blood glucose levels comparing to other phases. So this phenomenon should be considered for comparative studies and diagnosing pathological conditions.


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