DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20212152

Study of the obstetrics and perinatal outcome of in vitro fertilization pregnancies at tertiary care centre

Geetha D. Balsarkar, Shraddha P. Pol

Abstract


Background: Assisted reproductive techniques (ART) has been a boon to the unfortunate. However, the outcomes aren’t the same to all. The study has observed the outcomes in IVF conceived patients. The pregnant women were followed-up throughout their antenatal and post-natal (7 days) period and an appropriate meta-analysis was made.

Methods: This is an Observational Prospective study. It was conducted at an IVF center of tertiary hospital. With valid written informed consents 96 patients were recruited and observed for18 months. Data collected by Universal sampling method, analyzed and interpreted.

Results: A total 65.6% belonged above 30 years, 67.7% were primigravida and 7.3% had history of previous ectopic pregnancy. In 23.75% multifetal pregnancy was significant and 20.63% had OS tightening done. Most common reason for opting IVF was multiple failed IUI (71.6%). More than 40% were delivered by caesarean section. 91.1% of babies cried immediately after birth and 50.4% babies required NICU admission.13.4% babies had neonatal death and 3.1% were IUFD. 58.30% pregnancies were singleton. Mean birth weight was 1.87 Kg and 72.6% children were born low birth weight. Statistical significance (p<0.001) was found in between no. of foetuses delivered and preterm delivery. 56.3% birth were preterm birth. PIH and GDM complication is most common in multiple gestations observed in 10.7% of pregnancies.

Conclusions: Assisted Reproductive technologies has helped the infertile couples. Outcomes could be unfruitful in few, while others may have a complicated antenatal period. Preterm deliveries are more common in multiple gestation thus complementing the lower birth weights. Comorbidities significantly affected obstetric outcome.


Keywords


In vitro fertilization, Intra uterine foetal death, Assisted reproductive technologies, Preterm, Low birth weight

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References


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