DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20210303

A clinical study on ectopic pregnancy in tertiary care hospital Imphal

Naorem Sunanda Chanu, Vinodkumar Suresh Basavaradder, Cibi Darsani, Ahanthembi Sanaton

Abstract


Background: Ectopic pregnancy is one of the most common life-threatening emergencies in early trimester of pregnancy. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence, age group, gravidity, parity, risk factors, clinical presentation, treatment modalities associated with ectopic pregnancy in the current scenario.

Methods: We conducted a prospective study for the period of two years starting from Aug 2017 to Aug 2019 at JNIMS OBG Department.

Results: A total of 94 patients who were diagnosed as ectopic pregnancy and they were analysed for clinical presentation, risk factors, operative findings and treatment modality. Majority of patients were in the age group of 25 to 30 years. Ectopic pregnancy was more commonly associated with history of prior abortions, prior LSCS and PID. Commonly presented with amenorrhea of 6-8 weeks with abdominal pain and bleeding PV, most common site being ampulla followed by isthmus. Most of the patients had ruptured pregnancy at presentation. Majority of the patients underwent salpingectomy and salpingectomy with contralateral tubectomy.

Conclusions: Ectopic pregnancy diagnosis is a grey zone and challenging. Early diagnosis by keeping suspicion in first trimester with PV bleeding and pain abdomen with history of amenorrhea about ectopic pregnancy, which helps in management to reduce maternal morbidity and even mortality.


Keywords


Abortion, Ectopic pregnancy, LSCS, Pelvic inflammatory disease

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