Analysis of burden of sexual assaults at Abuja: a 4-year retrospective study

Malachy Emeka Ayogu, Habiba Ibrahim Abdullahi, Nathaniel D. Adewole


Background: Sexual assault is a worldwide crime associated with traumatic experience and largely affects women and girls. It is greatly underreported, more especially in the low income countries due to our peculiar culture.

Methods: A retrospective study of sexual assault victims managed at the Hospital from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2018. Case notes were retrieved and relevant data extracted and analyzed.

Results: A total of 58 cases were seen and mostly involving pupils/students 44 (75.9%) and singles 52 (89.7%). The ages ranged from 3 to 37 years with a mean of 14.1±7.8. The assailants were known to the victims in 63.8% of cases. Sexual assault through vaginal route was the commonest type 57 (98.3%) and perpetrated by one person in majority of cases (79.0%). Physical force (43.1%) was major method used to subdue victims. About 60.3% of assaults occurred during the daytime and mainly occurred (60.4%) at home/office. The time interval between assault and presentation in the hospital ranged from 6 hours to 96 hours; majority presented within 24 hours (59.6%). Only 35 (60.3%) reported to the police. About 48.3% received post exposure prophylaxis. About 37.7% eligible for emergency contraception received it. Only 32.8% of the victims completed 3- month follow-up.

Conclusions: Sexual assault is common in our environment with most victims being less than 14 years of age and assailants were mostly persons known to them. Some victims presented late.


Abuja, Assailants, Sexual assaults, Victims, Violence

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