A study of prevalence of urogenital problem among menopausal women attending the OPD at tertiary care hospital in Bhopal


  • Malini Bhardwaj Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, LN Medical College, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
  • Tarani Shinde Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, LN Medical College, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India




Menopause, OBG, Urogenital problem


Background: The interest in menopausal problems has increased in recent years, due to the expansion of human life span. Women are spending more than one-third of their lives in menopausal period. Due to this fact, estrogen deprivation can cause vaginal atrophy symptoms and vasomotor symptoms, which critically diminish quality of life (QOL) in postmenopausal women.

Methods: This study is a retrospective observational/analytical study conducted in the menopausal specialty clinic in J. K. Hospital, L. N. Medical College, Bhopal over a period of 1 year. All the women who attained menopause either naturally or surgically who presented first time to the clinic for any complaints were evaluated for the UG symptoms with the help of face to face interview.

Results: Out of the 300 women with menopausal symptoms, 182 i.e. 60.6% were married and 52% (156) were illiterate. The most prevalent menopausal symptom in present study was vaginal dryness 240 (80%).

Conclusions: There is association with lower educational levels. Hence efforts should be made educate women about the symptoms and provide care at all the levels of health care delivery.


Author Biographies

Malini Bhardwaj, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, LN Medical College, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

professor ,department of OBG

Tarani Shinde, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, LN Medical College, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

Resident ,department of OBG


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Original Research Articles