Dynamics of contraceptive use among schedule caste women in Uttar Pradesh

Mahesh Nath Singh, Niyati Joshi


Background: Scheduled caste is socially and economically disadvantaged population and contributes to one fifth of India’s population. Population policy (2002), government of India, has set the task of addressing unmet need for contraception in order to achieve the medium term objective of bringing the total fertility rate down to replacement level by the year 2010.  

Methods: The data used for the paper has been taken from Reproductive and Child Health (RCH) Survey round-II (2001-02) phase-I of Uttar Pradesh. Information of only scheduled caste women has been used for analysis. Bi-variate and logistic regression analysis was carried out.

Results: There is positive relationship between knowledge of traditional methods, level of education and standard of living; which is expected to have inverse relationship. Use of contraceptive methods among these groups of women is substantially low, but it follows an expected trend. Government health care institutions remain the main source of contraception for scheduled caste women in the study area.

Conclusions: Results from the logistic analysis give a clear picture that women with the information/knowledge are more likely to use the method in the near future. 


Contraception, Informed choice, Scheduled caste women

Full Text:



Visaria L, Visaria P. Reproductive health in policy and practice: India. In: Visaria L, Visaria P, eds. PRB. Document No.: 140736. Washington, D.C.; Population Reference Bureau. 1998: 1-36.

Mishra VK, Retherford RD, Nair PS, Feeney G. Reason for discontinuing & not intending to use contraception in India. In: Mishra VK, Retherford RD, Nair PS, Feeney G, eds. National Family Health Survey-2. Subject Reports No.13. Mumbai: International Institute for Population Sciences; 1999: 5-36.

IIPS. National Family Health Survey II, India - (1998-99). In: T. K. Roy, eds. IIPS. Mumbai: International Institute for Population Sciences; 2000: 1-439.

IIPS. National Family Health Survey II, Uttar-Pradesh - (1998-99). In: IIPS. Mumbai: International Institute for Population Sciences; 2000: 1-21.

Verma RK, Baburajan PK. Determinant of contraceptive choice in India. J Family Welfare. 1994;40(3):1-8.

Gupta YP, Talwar PP, Agrawal K, Sawney N. Family planning knowledge, interest and information needs of district officials in Uttar Pradesh. J Family Welfare. 1994;40(3):9-18.

Asari VG. Determinants of contraceptive use in Kerala: the case study of son/daughter preferences. J Family Welfare. 1994;40(3):19-25.

Roy TK, Paswan B. Demand for family planning among scheduled caste and scheduled Tribes. In: Hari Mohan Mathur, eds. The Family Welfare Program in India. 1st ed. Uttar Pradesh: Vikas Publishing; 2001: 157-175.

Krishnamohan PVT, Khan AG, Sunder S. Two-child family norm: women attitude in Uttar Pradesh, 1996. J Family Welfare. 2003;49(1):21-31.

Moursund A, Kravdal O. individual and community effects of women’s education and autonomy on contraceptive use in India. Popul Stud. 2003;57(3):285-301.

Riyami AA, Mabry. Women’s autonomy, education and employment in oman and their influence on contraceptive use. Reprod Health Matters. 2001;12(23):144-54.